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White Oak
(Quercus alba)

Research conducted by: Ava Dame, & Maria Dionyssopoulos, Grosse Ile High School Students (2024)


General Characteristics:

Range: - It is found from southwestern Maine and extreme southern Quebec west to southern Ontario, central Michigan, to southeastern Minnesota to western Iowa

How to identify the tree species.

 White oak is a large tree with a long, straight trunk and a broad, rounded crown. Leaves are alternate, simple, 5–9 inches long, 2–4 inches wide; margin entire, with 6–10 lobes; lobes rounded at the tip; upper surface bright green, smooth, often shiny; lower surface whitened, smooth.

How have people made use of the trees (wood, fruit etc.).

 Construction-grade products, like railroad ties or wood pallets, or high-quality materials such as flooring and veneer for cabinets and furniture

Wildlife Value:

How do animals, insects and others make use of the tree? 

Many birds nest in white oak, such as the near-threatened cerulean warbler that spends much of its time hopping around from branch to branch feeding on insects in the canopy of mature white oaks.

Symbiotic relationship with other species?

 White oak trees have developed a relationship with a specific type of mycorrhizal fungi called ectomycorrhizae to facilitate these functions. Their hyphae connect to the tips of tree roots to form a physical connection known as the mycorrhizal network which serves multiple, reciprocal roles.


Interesting Tidbits:

  • They grow really tall

  • They can live up to 1,000 years

  • It is the national tree of America

  • Symbol of wisdom, courage and endurance




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