General Characteristics: Small to medium sized tree that can reach heights of 60 feet at maturity. Fairly common on Grosse Ile. Bark is smooth and gray-brown on young trees but develops very characteristic corky appearance to bark as it matures. Is related to the Elm Tree. Likes rich, moist soil.
Commercial Value: Wood has very limited value. Is very soft and rots easily in the elements.
Wildlife Value: Has a small berry-like fruit that turns from orange-red to purple and is relished by many bird species and small mammals.
Interesting Tidbits: Historically, Native Americans made cakes by pulverizing the entire fruit, including the seeds. The cake could be stored for long periods of time and still be edible.